Aboriginal people have occupied the greater Muswellbrook area for thousands of years. Evidence of their occupation can be found throughout the region, with numerous Aboriginal archaeological sites having been identified and recorded. Major site types for this area include open camp sites, rockshelters, scarred trees and grinding grooves. Together, these sites attest to the wisespread use of the landscape by Aboriginal people and are of cultural significance to the Aboriginal people who are the owners of this land.
The scarred tree, now located in Simpson Park Muswellbrook, was salvaged in 1992 as part of the Dartbrook Underground Coal Mine Project. A mature yellowbox (Eucalyptus melliodora), the tree exhibits two potential cultural scars and was identified on cleared grazing land approximately 250 metres south of an unnamed creek to the east of Aberdeen township. The tree was moved to its current location as a preservation and protection measure and an opportunity to shre with the general community.
Aboriginal scarred trees that have scars associated with the production of cultural implements, such as coolamons, shields and canoes, the construction of temporary shelters and traditional hunting techniques (i.e., the cutting of toe holds). Trees were also sometimes carved or decortaed. Bark was removed from tree trunks using stone or steel axes, exposing the sapwood, and leaving scars of various sizes.
The scarred tree at Simpson Park in Muswellbrook was salvaged under approval by the NSW State Government and is protected under the provisions of the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974.
The Aboriginal Reconciliation Mural is also located at Simpson Park, Muswellbrook.